Recent advances in biomaterials and their applications in clinical practice are widely known. Over the past five decades, remarkable advancements have been accomplished in bioresorbable material selection for medical applications that comprise glasses, ceramics glass-ceramics, composites, polymers as well as metal alloys.
There is a myriad of bioimplants being used in one or the other of the above-mentioned types. Some of them are designed to be reabsorbed into the body, rather than taking out the implant when its purpose has been fulfilled.
Numerous properties, including mechanical properties, non-toxic, surface modification biocompatibility, degradation rate, and corrosion rate, as well as the scaffold design, are considered. The fundamental characteristics, functions, and important factors are described in-depth as well as the problems to be solved.
The advancements in technology and science have helped in a wide range of areas that include medical fields. Innovations in engineering and medical sciences have led to the possibility of implant implants into our bodies.
The research and development process began in the early 1890s resulted in the creation of defibrillators and pacemakers.
Implants' biocompatibility as well as their diverse roles in assisting the body's natural functions are being studied.
Implants in today's medical setting are employed as neuro- and brain implants, Sensory implants, spinal implants organ stimulation implants, subcutaneous implants dental implants, cosmetic implants, convenience implants as well as other implants for structural purposes like braces, stents rods, valves for the heart pins, bones hip prosthesis eye, ear implant for the skull and implant for knee replacement.
The market for bioimplants is growing rapidly and is anticipated to be as high as the sum of US$116 billion by 2020. This is principally due to the increase in the number of road accidents and injuries. Similar needs are also present for ophthalmic, spinal, and cardiovascular diseases, which will lead to a surge in the need for biological implants.