Wisdom teeth occur in nearly all adults, although some people may have more or fewer teeth. They are residual molar teeth that we no longer use. In cases where wisdom teeth grow out easily, it is not necessary to remove them.
However, there are many cases when the growths cause pain and discomfort, and removal is the only solution. It is always advisable to get emergency wisdom tooth extraction from a professional dentist only.
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Excessive tooth extraction is discouraged, and doctors caution that a person who extracts it even though it has not previously experienced pain and discomfort is not guaranteed to be protected from future problems.
There is a belief that early extraction can help prevent tooth buildup. This is wrong, and unnecessary removal can leave a person susceptible to infection and tingling if the nerves are damaged.
If the wisdom tooth is affected and has problems growing, the dentist recommends removing it. Previous infections must be cleared up before surgery can be performed. The patient is given local or general anesthesia.
The second option is recommended if two or more teeth need to be extracted. After the patient is sedated, the gum tissue is opened and all the bone covering the tooth is removed.
The tooth is then either completely pulled out or broken into pieces to make it easier to pull out. The fabric is sewn into place and treated with an antiseptic.